See also the list of monarchs of Nepal. An interim government was formed with Krishna Pd. The Joint People's Agitation Committee had called for a 30-minute 'lights out' in the capital, and violence erupted outside Bir Hospital when activists tried to enforce the 'lights out'. Revolution of 2007 B.S. Elections for a constituent assembly pushed back to November. The new constitution established a "partyless" Panchayat system which King Mahendra considered to be a democratic form of government, closer to Nepalese traditions.  A seven-party coalition resumed control of the government and stripped the king of most of his powers. King agrees to allow direct elections to national assembly – but on a non-party basis. King Gyanendra reappoints Sher Bahadur Deuba as prime minister with the task of holding elections. • They attacked and defeated the last Kirati king, Gasti. : Famous Indologists Write to the Raj Guru of Nepal – no. The Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal- 2015. Slavery was abolished in Nepal in 1924 under premiership of Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.. The custom of pasting the pictures of Nagas and Vasuki on the doors of houses on the day of Nagapanchami was introduced by him. The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) became the largest party amidst a general atmosphere of … Prithvi Narayan Shah sat on a throne put on the palace courtyard for the king of Kathmandu, proclaiming himself the king. All were styled (self proclaimed) Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski.  The blockade choked imports of not only petroleum, but also medicines and earthquake relief material.  The first documented tribes in Nepal are the Kirat people, who arrived into Nepal from Tibet roughly 4000 to 4500 years ago and moved into the Kathmandu valley and southern parts of Nepal, before being made to retreat elsewhere by the invading Licchavais from India who ruled the Kathmandu valley in modern-day southern parts of Nepal. Michaels, Axel, et al. However, this movement was repressed by the Nepali government, in "Operation Romeo" and "Operation Kilo Sera II", which took the lives of many of the leading activists of the struggle. King Prithvi Narayan Shah was quite aware of the political situation of the valley kingdoms as well as of the Baise and Chaubise principalities. Lokendra Bahadur Chand resigns as PM; king appoints his own nominee Surya Bahadur Thapa as new premier (to June). Promulgation of a new Constitution 2072 by President Dr. Ram Baran Yadav, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 17:45. The kingdom controlled the areas today known as Tirhoot or Mithila in Nepal and Bihar of India. Let’s hope this new constitution of Nepal 2072 will make the drastic change in no time in the following years. References to Nepal in famous Hindu epics such as the Mahabharata, Puranas and also Buddhist and Jain scriptures, establish the country's antiquity as an independent political and territorial entity. On Bhadra 30 2072, Constitution bill was passed. New elections lead to formation of Communist government. The monuments in Kathmandu valley which are listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites were built during Malla rule. to 2017 B.S. 4. Minority ethnic groups like Madhesi and Tharu protested vigorously against the constitution which came into effect on 20 September 2015. Nepal became a federal republic on 28 May 2008 and was formally renamed the 'Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal' ending the 200-year-old reign of the Shah monarchs. Party politics began in Nepal in the leadership of Nepali Congress and Nepal Communist Party. is thus known as the party and democratic politics history. On December 24, 2007, seven parties, including the former Maoist rebels and the ruling party, agreed to abolish the monarchy and declare Nepal a federal republic. The Treaty of Sugauli was signed in 1816, ceding large parts of the Nepalese controlled territories to the British. Amid student demonstrations and anti-regime activities in 1979, King Birendra called for a national referendum to decide on the nature of Nepal's government; either the continuation of the Panchayat system along with democratic reforms or the establishment of a multiparty system. First elections to Rastrya Panchayat held in 1963. There are three types of elections in Nepal: ... must not belong to a political party immediately before their appointment, must have attained the age of forty-five and must possess high moral character. Between 1788 and 1791, during the Sino-Nepalese War, Nepal invaded Tibet and robbed Tashilhunpo Monastery in Shigatse. Gunakama Deva founded the town Kantipur (modern-day Kathmandu). Descriptions of 32, 28 and 29 Kirati kings are found according to the Gopal genealogy, language-genealogy and Wright genealogy respectively. The British force was defeated in Sindhuli by the Gorkhali army. NCP begins civil disobedience campaign for restoration of multi-party system. The Thakuri dynasty were Rajputs. But Nepal is on the way to the federal government system. This category collects political movements in Nepal. King Gyanendra agrees to reinstate parliament following weeks of violent strikes and protests against direct royal rule. Radical leftist group, the Nepal Communist Party (Maoist), begins insurrection in rural areas aimed at abolishing monarch and establishing people's republic, sparking a conflict that would drag on for over a decade. The history of Nepal is intertwined with the history of the broader Indian subcontinent and the surrounding regions, comprising the areas of South Asia and East Asia. A series of bomb blasts kill and injure dozens in the southern Terai plains. Maoist rebels call a three-month ceasefire. On 23 December 2007, an agreement was made for the monarchy to be abolished and the country to become a federal republic with the Prime Minister becoming head of state. After Amshuvarma, who ruled from 605 CE onward; the Thakuris had lost power and they could regain it only in 869 CE. Nepal is about to adopt a new constitution, after nearly a decade of delay. Rebel leader Chairman Prachanda and PM Koirala hold talks – the first such meeting between the two sides – and agree that the Maoists should be brought into an interim government. 1), in, Garzilli, Enrica, "Strage a palazzo, movimento dei Maoisti e crisi di governabilità in Nepal", in, Garzilli, Enrica, "Il nuovo Stato del Nepal: il difficile cammino dalla monarchia assoluta alla democrazia", in, Garzilli, Enrica, "Il Nepal da monarchia a stato federale", in, Garzilli, Enrica, "La fine dell'isolamento del Nepal, la costruzione della sua identità politica e delle sue alleanze regionali" in, Garzilli, Enrica, "Le elezioni dell'Assemblea Costituente e i primi mesi di governo della Repubblica Democratica Federale del Nepal", in, Garzilli, Enrica, "Nepal, la difficile costruzione della nazione: un paese senza Costituzione e un parlamento senza primo ministro", in. The next ruler was Laxmikama Deva who ruled from 1024 to 1040 CE. People, politics and ideology: Democracy and Social Change in Nepal. This division led the Malla rulers into internecine clashes and wars for territorial and commercial gains. The king, Harisingh Dev, fled northwards where his son, Jagatsingh Dev, was married to the widow princess of Bhaktapur, Nayak Devi.. Nine Rana rulers took the hereditary office of Prime Minister. Bhola Deva succeeded Gunakama Deva. A US offer to resettle thousands of Bhutanese. The Vamshavalis or chronicles, the oldest of which was written during the 14th century, are the only fairly reliable basis for Nepal's ancient history. Two months after the departure of King Gyanendra, Ram Baran Yadav becomes Nepal's first president. A major aftershock occurred on 12 May 2015 at 12:50 NST with a moment magnitude (Mw) of 7.3, killing more than 200 people and over 2,500 were injured by this aftershock, and many were left homeless. Parliament dissolved, fresh elections called amid political confrontation over extending the state of emergency. The rulers of Simroungarh were as follows:, In 1324 CE, Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq attacked Simroungarh and demolished the fort. Sher Bahadur Deuba heads interim government, renews emergency. Conquest of Chaudandi and Majh Kirant states. Stella Kramrisch ( 1964 ) mentions a substratum of a race of Pre - Dravidians and Dravidians , who were in Nepal even before the Newars , who formed the majority of the ancient inhabitants of the valley of Kathmandu.. At the same time, despite of Chinese claims, the British supported Nepalese independence at the beginning of the twentieth century. Temples to the north of the temple of Pashupatinath were renovated in this period. Ed.  In April 2006 strikes and street protests in Kathmandu forced the king to reinstate the parliament. It created an interim Legislature-Parliament, a transitional government reflecting the goals of the 2006 People's Movement - the mandate of which was for peace, change, stability, establishment of the … The Pashupati Purana mentions that "the masters of Vaishali established their own regime by confiding Kiratis with sweet words and defeating them in war". In 2004 Bikram Sambat, the Government of Nepal Act was enacted. After the peak, the market plunged more than 40% and closed at 1,102.64 Tuesday (March 05, 2019). In 1860 some parts of western Terai, known as Naya Muluk (new country) was restored to Nepal. This is known as the event of 2017 in Nepalese history. Similar contexts can be found in 'Himbatkhanda', which also mentions that "the masters of Vaishali had started ruling in Nepal by defeating Kirats". The population of nearly 30 million includes 125 ethnic groups and 127 spoken languages. Lichhavis • Lichhavi Dynasty ruled Nepal from 300 to 600 A.D. Other variants found in medieval texts are 'Nepar' and 'Newal'. Violent incidents began to occur on the eve of the strike. Municipal elections in February 2006 were described by the European Union as "a backward step for democracy", as the major parties boycotted the election and some candidates were forced to run for office by the army. They were the Rajputs, from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh of today’s India. When Patan was captured a few weeks later, both Jaya Prakash Malla and Tej Narsingh Malla, the king of Patan took refuge in Bhaktapur, which was captured on the night of 25 November 1769. The Government of Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल सरकार) is an executive body and the central government of Nepal.Prior to the abolition of the Nepali monarchy in 2008, it was officially known as His Majesty's Government.. The Constituent Assembly has been celebrated as the country’s most representative institution. Violent ethnic protests erupt in the south-east; demonstrators demand autonomy for the region.  India has denied enacting the blockade. Bhaskara Deva, a Thakuri from Nuwakot, succeeded Vijayakama Deva and established the Nuwakot-Thakuri rule. Pro-democracy agitation co-ordinated by NCP and leftist groups. He is said to have built Navabahal and Hemavarna Vihara. The army successfully defended and won the battle. to 2062 B.S. The 2008 election of a Constituent Assembly with the mandate to draft the country’s new constitution is a case in point. General background . Their famous King Yalumber is even mentioned in the epic, ‘Mahabharat’. The history of Nepal is intertwined with the history of the broader Indian subcontinent and the surrounding regions, comprising the areas of South Asia and East Asia. Anti-Rana forces based in India form alliance with monarch. Trade and transit dispute with India leads to border blockade by Delhi resulting in worsening economic situation. The politics of Nepal functions within the framework of a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. But this government failed to work in consensus as the Ranas and Congressmen were never on good terms. After Nuwakot, he occupied strategic points in the hills surrounding the Kathmandu valley. This defeat of the British completely shattered the hopes of King Jaya Prakash Malla. The rivalry between Nepal and the British East India Company over the princely states bordering Nepal and British-India eventually led to the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814–16), in which Nepal suffered substantial losses due to lack of guns and ammunitions against the British-Indian forces with advanced weapons. His assessment of the situation among the hill principalities was correct, and the principalities were subjugated fairly easily. From the 7th or 8th Century B.C. This is a timeline of Nepalese history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Nepal and its predecessor states. There was no unity among the nobles and they asserted themselves in their respective spheres of influence. On 25 April 2015, a devastating earthquake of moment magnitude of 7.8Mw killed nearly 9,000 people and injured nearly 22,000. The revolution of 1951 started when dissatisfaction against the family rule of the Ranas started emerging from among the few educated people, who had studied in various South Asian schools and colleges, and also from within the Ranas, many of whom were marginalized within the ruling Rana hierarchy. The people were celebrating on the streets.  In the elections held on 10 April 2008, the Maoists secured a simple majority, with the prospect of forming a government to rule the proposed 'Republic of Nepal'. Executive answerable to the king . The four noble families involved largely in the active politics of the kingdom were the Shah rulers, the Thapas, the Basnyats, and the Pandes before the rise of the Rana dynasty. Why is Nepal's new constitution controversial? Koirala as prime minister. Maoist ministers resign from the cabinet in a row over who should be the next head of state. He foresaw the need for unifying the small principalities as an urgent condition for survival in the future and set himself to the task accordingly. He introduced twenty-five paisa coins. To read about the background to these events, see History of Nepal.  By means of the notices contained in the classics of the East and West, the Kiranti people were living in their present whereabouts for the last 2000 to 2500 years, with an extensive dominion, possibly reaching at one time to the delta of the Ganges. existed for 104 years in Nepal. The occupation of the Kuti Pass in about 1756 stopped the valley's trade with Tibet. and Delhi Agreement. They attacked and defeated the last Kirati king, Gasti. • They are the second rulers of Nepal. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point, 1999. p. 189, Learn how and when to remove this template message, first parliamentary elections in nearly 50 years, President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), India suspended vital supplies to landlocked Nepal, "Genetic studies on the Tharu population of Nepal: restriction endonuclease polymorphisms of mitochondrial DNA", "History and Culture of the Himalaya: Historical Propectives Vol. Parliament approves abolition of monarchy as part of peace deal with Maoists, who agree to re-join government. "Nepal Will Amend Constitution to End Border Blockade", https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Indian-blockade-more-inhuman-than-war-says-Nepal-PM-KP-Sharma-Oli/articleshow/49690974.cms, https://www.deccanherald.com/content/505354/india-denies-imposing-economic-blockade.html, Nepal: An Historical Study of a Hindu Kingdom, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Nepal&oldid=996563679, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from June 2018, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from June 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Some inhabitants of northern Nepal came from. Spheres of influence proto-Australoid origin the earliest inhabitants of modern Nepal and a joint government formed. Which king exercises sole power Ashad 10 2072, constitution bill was passed Thakuri... 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